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FIFA 2014 World Cup :Know everything about it

The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be the 20th FIFA World Cup, an international men's football tournament that is scheduled to take place in Brazil from 12 June to 13 July 2014. It will be the second time that Brazil has hosted the competition, the previous being in 1950. Brazil was elected unchallenged as host nation in 2007 after the international football federation, FIFA, decreed that the tournament would be staged in South America for the first time since 1978 in Argentina, and the fifth time overall.
The national teams of 31 countries advanced through qualification competitions that began in June 2011 to participate with the host nation Brazil in the final tournament. A total of 64 matches are to be played in twelve cities across Brazil in either new or redeveloped stadiums, with the tournament beginning with a group stage. For the first time at a World Cup Finals, the matches will use goal-line technology.
With the host country, all world champion teams since the first World Cup in 1930 (Argentina, England, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and Uruguay) have qualified for this competition. Spain is the defending champion, having defeated the Netherlands 1–0 in the 2010 World Cup final to win its first World title. The previous four World Cups staged in South America were all won by South American teams.

Host selection

In March 2003, FIFA announced that the tournament would be held in South America for the first time since 1978, in line with its then-active policy of rotating the right to host the World Cup among different confederations. The decision meant that it would be the first time that two consecutive World Cups will be staged outside Europe. Only Brazil and Colombia formally declared their candidacy but, after the withdrawal of the latter from the process,Brazil was officially elected as host nation unopposed on 30 October 2007.

Participating teams and officials

Qualification

The following 32 teams, shown with October 2013 rankings used for seeding in the draw,qualified for the final tournament.

Final draw

The 32 participating teams were to be drawn into the eight groups of the group stage. In preparation for this, the teams were organised into four pots with the seven highest-ranked teams joining host nation Brazil in the seeded pot.As with the previous tournaments, FIFA aimed to create groups which maximised geographic separation and therefore the unseeded teams were arranged into pots based on geographic considerations.Under the draw procedure, one randomly-drawn team was firstly relocated from Pot 4 to Pot 2 to create four equal pots of eight teams.

Squads

As with the 2010 tournament, each team's squad will consist of 23 players (three of whom must be goalkeepers). Each participating national association has to confirm their final 23-player squad no later than 10 days before the start of the tournament.
Teams are permitted to make late replacements in the event of serious injury, at any time up to 24 hours before their first game.

Referees

In March 2013, FIFA published a list of 52 prospective referees, each paired with two assistant referees, from all six football confederations for the tournament. On 14 January 2014, the FIFA Referees Committee appointed 25 referee trios and eight support duos representing 43 different countries for the tournament.

Prize money

The total prize money on offer for the tournament was confirmed by FIFA as US$576 million (including payments of US$70 million to domestic clubs), a 37 percent increase from the amount allocated in the 2010 tournament.Before the tournament, each of the 32 entrants will receive US$1.5 million for preparation costs. Once at the tournament, the prize money will be distributed as follows:

Venues

Twelve venues in twelve cities were selected for the tournament. The venues cover all the main regions of Brazil and create more evenly distributed hosting than the 1950 finals in Brazil. Consequently, the tournament will require long-distance travel for teams. During the World Cup, Brazilian cities will also be home to the participating teams at 32 separate base camps,as well as staging official fan fests where supporters can view the games.Around 3 milion tickets were put on sale for the venues of which most were sold in a day.
Rio de Janeiro, RJBrasília, DFSão Paulo, SPFortaleza, CE
Estádio do MaracanãEstádio NacionalArena de São PauloEstádio Castelão
22°54′43.8″S 43°13′48.59″W / 22.912167°S 43.2301639°W / -22.912167; -43.2301639 (Estádio do Maracanã)15°47′0.6″S 47°53′56.99″W / 15.783500°S 47.8991639°W / -15.783500; -47.8991639 (Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha)23°32′43.91″S 46°28′24.14″W / 23.5455306°S 46.4733722°W / -23.5455306; -46.4733722 (Arena Corinthians)3°48′26.16″S 38°31′20.93″W / 3.8072667°S 38.5224806°W / -3.8072667; -38.5224806 (Estádio Castelão)
Capacity: 73,531
Renovated
Group/Knock-out/Final
Capacity: 70,042
New stadium
Group/Knock-out/third place
Capacity: 65,807
New stadium
Group/Knock-out
Capacity: 64,846
Renovated
Group/Knock-out
Maracana Stadium June 2013.jpgBrasilia Stadium - June 2013.jpgArena Corinthians West Building.jpgFortaleza Arena on March 2014..jpg
Belo Horizonte, MG Porto Alegre, RS
Estádio MineirãoEstádio Beira-Rio
19°51′57″S 43°58′15″W / 19.86583°S 43.97083°W / -19.86583; -43.97083 (Estádio Mineirão)30°3′56.21″S 51°14′9.91″W / 30.0656139°S 51.2360861°W / -30.0656139; -51.2360861 (Estádio Beira-Rio)
Capacity: 62,547
Renovated
Group/Knock-out
Capacity: 48,849[22]
Renovated[24]
Group/Knock-out
Novo mineirão aérea.jpgBeira-Rio Innauguration, 2014.jpg
Salvador, BARecife, PE
Arena Fonte NovaArena Pernambuco
12°58′43″S 38°30′15″W / 12.97861°S 38.50417°W / -12.97861; -38.50417 (Arena Fonte Nova)8°2′24″S 35°0′29″W / 8.04000°S 35.00806°W / -8.04000; -35.00806 (Arena Pernambuco)
Capacity: 48,747
New stadium
Group/Knock-out
Capacity: 44,248[22]
New stadium
Group/Knock-out
Itaipava Arena - March 2013.jpgItaipava Arena Pernambuco - Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.jpg
Cuiabá, MTManaus, AMNatal, RNCuritiba, PR
Arena PantanalArena da AmazôniaArena das DunasArena da Baixada
15°36′11″S 56°7′14″W / 15.60306°S 56.12056°W / -15.60306; -56.12056 (Arena Pantanal)3°4′59″S 60°1′41″W / 3.08306°S 60.02806°W / -3.08306; -60.02806 (Arena Amazônia)5°49′44.18″S 35°12′49.91″W / 5.8289389°S 35.2138639°W / -5.8289389; -35.2138639 (Arena das Dunas)25°26′54″S 49°16′37″W / 25.44833°S 49.27694°W / -25.44833; -49.27694 (Arena da Baixada)
Capacity: 42,968
New stadium
Group
Capacity: 42,374
New stadium
Group
Capacity: 42,086
New stadium
Group
Capacity: 41,456[22]
Renovated[nb 5]
Group
Cuiaba Arena.jpgAmazonia Arena.jpgNatal, Brazil - Arena das Dunas.jpgArena Baixada.jpg

Team base camps

The base camps will be used by 32 national squads to stay and train before and during the World Cup tournament. On 31 January 2014, FIFA announced the base camps for each participating team.
TeamCityStateTeamCityState
 AlgeriaSorocabaSão Paulo GreeceAracajuSergipe
 ArgentinaVespasianoMinas Gerais HondurasPorto FelizSão Paulo
 AustraliaVitóriaEspírito Santo IranGuarulhosSão Paulo
 BelgiumMogi das CruzesSão Paulo ItalyMangaratibaRio de Janeiro
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaGuarujáSão Paulo Ivory CoastÁguas de LindoiaSão Paulo
 BrazilTeresópolisRio de Janeiro JapanItuSão Paulo
 CameroonVitóriaEspírito Santo MexicoSantosSão Paulo
 ChileBelo HorizonteMinas Gerais NetherlandsRio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro
 ColombiaCotiaSão Paulo NigeriaCampinasSão Paulo
 Costa RicaSantosSão Paulo PortugalCampinasSão Paulo
 CroatiaMata de São JoãoBahia RussiaItuSão Paulo
 EcuadorViamãoRio Grande do Sul South KoreaFoz do IguaçuParaná
 EnglandRio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro SpainCuritibaParaná
 FranceRibeirão PretoSão Paulo  SwitzerlandPorto SeguroBahia
 GermanySanta Cruz CabráliaBahia United StatesSão PauloSão Paulo
 GhanaMaceióAlagoas UruguaySete LagoasMinas Gerais

FIFA Fan Fests

Main article: FIFA Fan Fest § 2014
For a third consecutive World Cup tournament, FIFA announced that they would be holding FIFA Fan Fests in each of the twelve host cities. Prominent examples are the Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, which already held a Fan Fest in 2010, São Paulo's Vale do Anhangabaú and Brasília's Esplanada dos Ministérios, with the Congress in the background.

Innovations and utilities

Match ball

Main article: Adidas Brazuca
The official ball of the 2014 World Cup will be the Adidas Brazuca.The name was selected by a public vote that received responses from more than 1 million Brazilian football fans; "Brazuca" received over 70 per cent of the vote. It is produced by Adidas, the official FIFA World Cup match ball supplier since 1970.

Goalline technology

For the first time at a World Cup Finals, the officials will be assisted by goal-line technology. The previous World Cup was a catalyst for the decision to adopt technology after England were wrongly denied a goal in their Round of 16 tie against Germany.Following the mistake in this game, FIFA President Sepp Blatter said "it would be a nonsense not to reopen the file on goal-line technology and in 2012 the IFAB approved its usage.This is the fourth FIFA competition to use the technology after successful trials at 2012 Club World Cup, 2013 Club World Cup and 2013 Confederations Cup. The German company GoalControl was selected as the tournament's official goal-line technology provider in October 2013.

Vanishing spray

Following successful trials at the 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup, 2013 FIFA U-17 World Cup and 2013 FIFA Club World Cup, FIFA approved the vanishing spray to be used by the referees for the first time at a World Cup Finals. The water-based spray, which disappears in a minute after use would be used to mark the ten-yard line for the defending team during a free kick and also drawn where the ball is to be placed for a free-kick.

Format

Countries participating in the 2014 FIFA World Cup
The first round, or group stage, is thirty-two teams divided into eight groups of four teams. Each group will compete in a round-robin fashion. The teams finishing first and second in each group will progress to the knock-out stage.
The ranking of teams in each group will be based on:
  1. Points in all group matches
  2. Goal difference in all group matches
  3. Goals scored in all group matches
  4. Points in matches between tied teams
  5. Goal difference in matches between tied teams
  6. Goals scored in matches between tied teams
  7. Drawing of lots
In the knockout stage there will be four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating the losers. The successive rounds are the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final (including a play-off for third place). For each game, a draw will be followed by two periods of 15 minutes extra time; if scores are still level, there will be a penalty shootout.
The match schedule was announced at FIFA's headquarters in Zürich on 20 October 2011,




Preparations and costs

Costs of latest WCs 
HostGeneral cost
 BRA (2014)US$14 billion (1st)
 GER (2006)$6 billion (2nd)
 KOR/ JPN (2002)$5 billion (3rd)
 SAF (2010)$4 billion (4th)
 FRA (1998)$340 million (5th)
 USA (1994)$30 million (6th)
In comparison to past tournaments, the 2014 tournament will be the most expensive FIFA World Cup in history.Forecasts on the eve of the tournament estimate the cost to the Brazilian government will be $14 billion. FIFA is expected to spend $2 billion on staging the finals, with its greatest single expense being the $576 million prize money pot.
Although organisers originally estimated costs of US$1.1 billion, a reported US$3.6 billion has ultimately been spent on stadium works.Five of the chosen host cities have brand new venues built specifically for the World Cup, while the Estádio Nacional Mané Garrincha in the capital Brasilia was demolished and rebuilt, with the remaining six being extensively renovated.
An additional R$3 billion (€1.8 billion, £1.1 billion) has been earmarked by the Brazilian government for investment in infrastructure works and projects relating to the 2014 World Cup.However, the failed completion of many of the proposed works has provoked discontent among some Brazilians.
The Brazilian government has pledged $900 million will be invested into security forces and that the tournament will be "one of the most protected sports events in history".

Marketing

Ticketing

FIFA forecasts a total of 3,334,524 tickets for the tournament. The majority of these are distributed to groups such as commercial affiliates, hospitality clients, media rights holders and VIPs.Approximately 1.1 million are to be sold to the general public (400,000 to Brazilian residents only, 700,000 overseas); for each individual match, 8% of the tickets are reserved for fans of a competing team.
Official tickets for the 2014 FIFA World Cup
The sale of tickets to the general public has been divided into three phases and handled via FIFA's website and nominated locations in each of the host cities.There are four categories of tickets, with Category 4 tickets only being available to Brazilian residents.Discounted tickets are available to Brazilians aged over 60, students and those receiving Bolsa Família welfare. These are available for as little as 30 Brazilian reals (roughly US$12.50), while the most expensive ticket of the competition on general sale is a Category 1 seat for the final that retails at US$990. In addition to individual tickets "venue specific tickets", which give access to all matches staged in a host city (during the group stage and round of 16), and "team ticket series", which give access to all matches of a chosen team during the tournament, are also available.
Tickets went on sale on 20 August 2013 with 2.3 million tickets requested during the first 24 hours. By the end of this first phase of sales in October 2013, over six million requests had been received from the general public.As demand exceeded supply, FIFA staged a random draw to allocate tickets with a total of 889,305 tickets being allocated: 71.5% of these were sold to Brazilian residents with the highest number of overseas sales being to those in the United States. A further 220,000 tickets issued on a first come, first served basis sold out within seven hours of being placed on sale in November 2013.Following the final draw in December 2013, a second phase of ticket sales began and concluded the following month, attracting over 3.5 million applications.Any remaining tickets were then made available on a first-come, first-served basis from March 2014 onward and can also be purchased in person at designated FIFA ticketing centres.

The official Brazil 2014 logo
The official logo of the competition is entitled "Inspiration", and was created by Brazilian agency Africa. The design is based around a photograph of three victorious hands together raising the World Cup trophy and its yellow and green colouring is meant to represent Brazil warmly welcoming the world to their country. It was unveiled at a ceremony held during the 2010 World Cup in Johannesburg. The design was selected from the submissions of 25 Brazilian-based agencies invited to submit designs. Brazilian graphic designer Alexandre Wollner has criticised the design, suggesting that it resembles a facepalm, as well as the process through which it was chosen, which had a jury that excluded professional graphic designers.
FIFA also commissioned an official poster that was unveiled in January 2013 and designed by the Brazilian creative agency Crama.The official slogan is "All in One Rhythm" (Portuguese: "Juntos num só ritmo").

Mascot

Main article: Fuleco
Fuleco, the official mascot of the 2014 FIFA World Cup
The tatu-bola, an armadillo that defends itself from predators by rolling up into a ball, was chosen as the official mascot by FIFA at a ceremony organised by the local organising committee in September 2012.It was selected from 47 designs created by six Brazilian agencies after market research showed its appeal to the primary target audience of Brazilian children aged 5–12.
The then-unnamed mascot was first unveiled to the public during a segment of the Brazilian news show Fantástico.An online public vote was used to determine the name in which three potential names were offered,with the winning name being announced on 25 November 2012: 1.7 million people (about 48%) voted for Fuleco, ahead of Zuzeco (31%) and Amijubi (21%). The name is a portmanteau of the words "Futebol" ("Football") and "Ecologia" ("Ecology").
As well as appearing throughout the tournament, Fuleco also featured on a global promotional tour of the FIFA World Cup Trophy that visited 88 countries between September 2013 and the start of the tournament.

Official song

An official song has been created for every World Cup finals since 1962. On 24 January 2014, FIFA and Sony Music announced that the official song for the tournament will be "We Are One (Ole Ola)" by Pitbull, Jennifer Lopez and Claudia Leitte.Sony also launched a global music contest – entitled 'SuperSong' – to select a song for the competition's official album, One Love, One Rhythm.The contest allows any person to submit a song via a website, with the winning entrant chosen in February 2014 to be professionally recorded by the singer Ricky Martin.On 10 February 2014, American Elijah King was chosen with the song "Vida" ("Life", in English).A customized version of the song "Dare (La La La)" by Shakira, who provided the official song of the 2010 tournament, will be used as a secondary theme song. By the end of March, FIFA announced that the song "Dar um Jeito (We Will Find a Way)", written by Avicii, Carlos Santana, Wyclef Jean and Alexandre Pires, was selected as the official anthem of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

Caxirola

Main article: Caxirola
The tournament has recognised an official instrument: the caxirola, a percussive instrument created by Brazilian musician Carlinhos Brown. They are designed to create a softer sound than the African vuvuzela horn that featured prominently during the 2010 World Cup. However, due to safety concerns, FIFA later announced that caxirolas will not be permitted inside the stadiums.

Video game

As with the 2010 tournament, EA Sports published the official video game of the competition, entitled 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil. It was released on PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in various markets in April 2014.The game contains all of the 203 national teams that took part in the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualification process and includes all 12 venues used at the World Cup tournament. The game received mixed reviews from critics on release from commercial websites.

Sponsorship

The sponsors of the 2014 World Cup are divided into three categories: FIFA Partners, FIFA World Cup Sponsors and National Supporters.
FIFA partnersFIFA World Cup sponsorsNational supporters

Media

Filming

For a fourth consecutive FIFA World Cup Finals, the coverage will be provided by HBS (Host Broadcast Services), a subsidiary of Infront Sports & Media.[89] Sony has been selected as the official equipment provider and has built twelve bespoke high definition production 40-foot-long containers, one for each tournament venue, to house the extensive amount of equipment required.Each match will utilise 37 standard camera plans, including Aerial and Cablecam, two Ultramotion cameras and dedicated cameras for interviews.The official tournament film, as well as three matches, will be filmed with ultra high definition technology (4K resolution), following a successful trial at the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup.[92]

Broadcasting

The broadcasting rights – covering television, radio, internet and mobile coverage – for the tournament are sold to media companies in each individual territory either directly by FIFA, or through licensed companies or organisations such as the European Broadcasting Union, Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana, International Media Content, Dentsu and RS International Broadcasting & Sports Management. The sale of these rights accounts for an estimated 60% of FIFA's income from staging a World Cup.The International Broadcast Centre will be situated at the Riocentro in the Barra da Tijuca neighbourhood of Rio de Janeiro.

Controversies

Protests

Prior to the opening ceremony of the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup at the Brasilia National Stadium, demonstrations took place outside the venue, organised by people unhappy with the amount of public money spent to enable the hosting of the FIFA World Cup.Both the Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff as well as FIFA president Sepp Blatter were heavily booed as they were announced to conduct their speeches at the tournament's opening, which resulted in FIFA announcing that the 2014 World Cup opening ceremony would not feature any speeches.
The demonstrations and discontent were part of wider unrest and rioting in Brazilian cities initially sparked by increased ticket prices on public transport, but growing to express deeper public disenchantment with the government's financial management of the country. Further protests took place outside other matches during the Confederations Cup.
Blatter said that the protesters "should not use football to make their demands heard",and that the public expenditure on staging the tournaments was on "items that are for the future, not just for the World Cup".President Rousseff responded with a public address in which she stated: "the federal money spent on the stadiums is in the form of financing that will be duly repaid by the companies and governments that are exploiting these stadiums".

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